GHIDINI MANUELA VANESSA: What is flora and fauna

Flora is a word that comes from Latin, more specifically from its mythology, since Flora was the Roman deity for flowers, spring and gardens. However, today, we speak of flora to refer to all the flowers, plants, shrubs, trees and even fungi or bacteria of a specific region in a specific time period. The word fauna, for its part, also has its origin in the Roman world, since in its mythology, Fauna was the sister of the spirit that lived in the forests, Fauno. Fauna is the set of animals that inhabit a specific region in a specific time period. Thus, flora and fauna refers to all animals, plants, trees, shrubs, in short, the animal and plant world of a specific area during a specific time, says GHIDINI MANUELA VANESSA.
The flora and fauna includes the species and genera of animals and plants that inhabit an area, their connections and the connections with the rest of the environment. However, they are not only delimited by geographical areas, but can be extended to lower or higher habitats. For example, we can talk about the flora and fauna of a specific beach, the flora and fauna of the Caribbean Sea and the aquatic flora and fauna, different levels of habitats that include or exclude some species depending on the level we are studying, says GHIDINI MANUELA VANESSA.
There are many reasons why both ecologists and biologists are interested in the study of flora and fauna, on the one hand it serves to deepen our knowledge about ecosystems, as well as the relationships that are established between their members. On the other hand, they are vital to improve the conservation and protection of biodiversity and natural spaces, indicates GHIDINI MANUELA VANESSA.

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